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resources provide information that are helpful to claimants and those researching
Nazi looted art.
The Holocaust Victims'
Information and Support Center (HVISC)
in Vienna represents Jewish Nazi victims and their heirs. The HVISC has access
to a comprehensive database of 111,000 people and 7,500 files of the Mauerbach
Fund as well as internal material from the Archive of the Jewish Community in
Vienna. A research
checklist and list of relevant
databases can be accessed from the website.
The Commission for
the Compensation of Victims of Spoliation (Commission pour l'Indemnisation des
Victimes de Spoliations), CIVS
or The Commission for the Compensation of Victims of Spoliation
Resulting From Anti-Semitic Legislation in Force During the Occupation was set
up in 1999 by the French Prime Minister. The Commission
has three primary roles:
- Inform victims
of loss and their families of what became of their confiscated assets
and process claims
- Decide on appropriate
reparation, restitution or compensation
are many useful documents that can be downloaded from this site, including claim
leaftlets explaining the purpose of the CIVS and regulatory
texts and reports.
für Kulturgutverluste (Coordination Office for Lost Cultural Assets)
für Kulturgutverluste is Germany's central and public
office for the documentation of lost cultural property. In addition to its database
of looted objects, it provides a discussion forum and related links.
Yad Vashem: Holocaust
Martyrs and Heroes Remembrance Authority
Vashem is the documentation centre for the history of the Jewish people during
the Holocaust. It works to preserve the memories of the six million victims and
impart the legacy of the Holocaust for future generations. Yad Vashem?s archive
collection contains the most comprehensive repository of material on the Holocaust
in the world, and comprises of 62 million pages of documents, nearly 267,500 photographs,
and thousands of films and videotaped testimonies of survivors.
The Advisory Committee
for Restitution Applications for Items of Cultural Value and the Second World
War (Restitutions Committee)
Committee was set up towards the end of 2001 by the Ministry of Education,
Culture and Science. Since then, the committee has given independent advice to
the State Secretary of Culture about individual applications for the restitution
of items of cultural value that disappeared during the Second World War. This
concerns claims to artworks which the owner involuntarily lost possession of due
to circumstances directly related to the Nazi regime. The website includes both
descriptions of their recommendations as well as annual
All-Russia State Library
for Foreign Literature (Vserossiiskaya Gosudarstvennaya Biblioteka Inostrannoi
Literatura - VGBIL)
is a cultural research centre. In addition to listing books
transferred by the Soviet Trophy Brigade, there is a reference section on cultural
property looted during World War II. This includes relevant laws, a searchable
bibliography, and related organisations. Most of the website is in Russian.
Advisory Panel was set up in April 2000 by the UK Department
of Culture Media and Sport to help resolve claims from people - or their heirs
- who lost cultural property during the Nazi era which is now held by UK national
collections. Reports of the panel?s decisions are published on their website.
Conference on Jewish
Material Claims Against Germany (Claims Conference)
Claims Conference works to secure compensation and restitution for survivors of
the Holocaust and the heirs of victims. The Claims Conference and the World Jewish
Restitution Organization (WJRO) have begun a Looted
Jewish Art and Cultural Property Initiative towards the restitution of Jewish-owned
art and cultural property lost and plundered during the Holocaust.
Getty Research Institute
Research Institute houses important archives for provenance research. An online
guide to Holocaust-Era Research Resources contains several records on Holocaust-era
looting and postwar dissemination of stolen art. Information about the follwoing
records can be accessed online:
Cooper Papers: Cooper was an MFA&A officer and the
papers contain war related correspondence and reports.
Arts (Special Services). Dutch Restitution Committee Detailed Interrogation Report:
A report on the activities of the Dienststelle Mühlmann, the group led by Kajetan
Mühlmann, which was responsible for obtaining works of art for Hitler, Göring,
and other Nazi officials.
Hall records (microform of NARA holdings): Microfilm
copy of the front face of over 50,000 property cards created for the allied Central
Collecting Point in Munich. Each card records data for an individual art object,
such as medium, subject, size, condition, identifying marks, description, and
presumed owner; some cards are illustrated with a small photograph.
photos for the Allied Central Collecting Point, Munich, ca. 1945-ca. 1949:
Photographs taken by Johannes Felbermeyer for the allied Central Collecting Point
in Munich which document the process of repatriation of works of art after World
National Archives and Record Administration of the United States
The National Archives
and Record Administration of the United States (NARA) website has a section devoted
Era Assets. They have substantial original records relating to the looting,
locating, recovering, and restitution of Holocaust-Era assets. The website lists
finding aids, Allied reports and other valuable information.
States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM)
USHMM in Washington D.C. is the national memorial and research institute for the
Holocaust. The website contains a section dedicated to Holocaust
Eisenhower inspects art treasures looted by the Nazis and stored in Merkers salt
mine. Click on image for larger version.